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The Anaverse Theory
Another heretical physics proposition
by John Knouse
The cosmos that we inhabit has long been called the Universe. This name refers to all that we can survey from Earth by any means optical or electronic -- all the stars, galaxies, nebulae, quasars, and dark matter and energy that appears to be out there. To many minds, this is all that there is, unless they superimpose over this a Heaven and subimpose a Hell. The idea behind the very name is that it is all one “One-Fold.”
But then there is Multiverse theory. Just as we once thought the atom was indivisible and we now know how wrong we were, and just as we once thought that conventional matter was all there is, and we now think we know better, we now suspect that our Universe is NOT all there is. A Multiverse is proposed to exist so that there are multiple universes within it. How many universes inhabits the Miltiverse varies from theory to theory, but it is generally some multiple of infinity.
To me, the Multiverse theory that makes most sense is that theory where each Universe can “bud out” new “baby” universes from singularities. This is one version of the “Black-Hole-to-White-Hole” idea. There is a version of this idea where a black hole in one location within a universe simply spews out what it has collected from a white hole in another location, but this version of the concept is different. In this version, the singularity that is a black hole reaches some state, or perhaps boundary condition, where the accumulated matter and energy erupts into a new space-time continuum altogether, creating a new universe in its own version of existence.
Some hold that all universes are superimposed over one another within the same conceptual space-time framework, though obviously different space-time continua, while other suppose that each universe occupies a place that does not coincide with others in any way. But the point is that one universe buds out into new universes.
Thus, in each universe, there is a unique set of physical laws. Because of this, cosmic constants vary from universe to universe. Perhaps the speed of light varies, or maybe Planck’s constant is different. Or perhaps pi is some other number. But with many possible dimensions to choose from, a different set in different relationships to one another may pertain in each universe. This is not only every variation under the sun, but every variation everywhere. And maybe every when.
This calls up a number of interesting questions, in addition to the previously-noted question of Where are they? Such as: Just how many universes are forming? Does every black hole eventually make a new universe? There is only so much matter and every in any black hole, so where does the additional matter and energy come from to make up the new universe? And where do all those old universes go? Do we just keep piling up dead universe after dead universe? Where do spontaneous particles come from? If it is true that going in a straight line across our Universe simply puts you back where you started from, then where else is anything else?
The answer lies in what I call the Anaverse. The Anaverse is the matrix within which the Multiverse exists. Some might want to equate this with the old idea of the Ether, but it is not. The Anaverse is a whole lot more.
When a new universe buds out, it buds out into the Anaverse. So what separates each universe from the Anaverse? Boundary conditions, is the answer. The physical laws and constants of each universe create a boundary condition that separates it from the surrounding Anaverse. So what happens to a universe as it gets old? Entropy happens, most assuredly. If it’s a universe with a flat or negative curvature, then it expands forever. But with the Anaverse theory, the forever aspect is relative. As the universe continues to expand, and entropy happens, the physical laws of the universe degrade. Essentially, the universe decays because the physical laws that supported the boundary condition degrade and the boundaries decompose. The universe becomes part of the Anaverse and ceases to exist as an entity.
But the boundary condition, even during the effective lifetime of the universe, is not perfect. There is leakage across it constantly. Physicists already know that particles spontaneously appear and disappear. This is simply a matter of leakage across the boundary. The more that the boundary is stressed by unusual, high-energy events, the more that the leakage can occur. So the boundary becomes imperfect both at low energy levels and at high energy levels.
And this explains where all that extra matter came from in the Big Bang. As the initial singularity burst out into the new universe, there was an explosive influx of matter and energy from the Anaverse. There is another traditional problem with the Big Bang as well. It has long been recognized that it wasn’t a simple expansion from the initial singularity, but that there had to have been an initial period of additional high-speed inflation that settled down into the more steady expansion. The presence of the Anaverse and the influx of matter and energy that occurred when the boundary condition was not yet well established can explain the inflation.
What about the problem of ever-multiplying universes? First of all, many universes that are born are probably abortive. The configuration of physical law fails to achieve a stable and effective boundary condition, and it degrades into the Anaverse. Second, there may be universes born with physical laws that prevent the formation of further black holes that can become new universes, so these become sterile universes, or dead ends. Some universes may perhaps be born with a positive curvature, in which case they would not expand to their death and dissolution into the Anaverse, but precisely the reverse С they would contract back to a singularity, at which point they would be reborn as a different universe, with Anaversal leakage on both sides of the singularity event.
Thirdly, it is most likely that it is only the very exceptional singularity that can be formed that can become a new universe. There is reason to believe at this point that many black holes simply reach a state following which they simply decay by a complex process and cease to exist as singularities.
So what is the nature of the Anaverse itself? This is difficult to speculate. We know that there is no discrete set of dimensions. All dimensions are perhaps manifest, or perhaps all dimensions are virtual only. All particles of all types exist simultaneously, and all types of energy exist simultaneously. However, it cannot be a perfectly homogeneous medium. The Anaverse MUST exist with areas that vary in content. This is evident, particularly, from two concepts. The first is matter-antimatter. The two cannot exist without boundaries from one another, or they cease to exist in an explosive way. Either some regions of the Anaverse are more given to one or another, or all mutually annihilate into something else within the Anaverse. Then, too, every universe is biased in its content of matter and energy, so that when it decays into the Anaverse, it is into a given region of the Anaverse that then must logically be similarly biased towards the same assortment of matter and energy, for at least a time.